Transportation of Solid Waste 01

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Transportation of Solid Waste

There is many methods to transport the solid waste, Some of them are given below-

1. Hand Cart

The use of traditional hand carts should be discontinued and instead, hand carts having 4-6 detachable containers of capacity ranging from 30-40 liters i.e. 0.03-0.04 cum each should be used. The containers should be of steady material preferably strong polyethylene/plastic with a handle on top and rim at the bottom for easy handling of the container. The handcarts should have preferably three wheels and sealed ball bearing. There should be a locking arrangement with a chain and a lock. These are generally used to collect waste door to door.

Hand Cart For transportation of Solid waste

2. Tri-Cycle

Local bodies can use tri-cycles instead of handcarts in the area which are spread out and distances are long. The tri-cycles could have 8 containers of 0.04 cum (40 litre) capacity. These containers should also be detachable from the tri-cycle and should have a locking arrangement.

These are also used to pick waste door to door where handcarts can’t be used because of avoid walking.

Tri-Cycle For Transportation of Solid Waste

3. Animal Cart

These are preferred in small towns where road surfaces are not good.

Bullock/Buffalo/Horse are used.

Person driving the cart transfers materials from bins to cart.

Municipal hires them and pays by trip basis.

Main advantage is, no fuel used but tends to obstruct the traffic due to slow speed of movement, iron rims of wheel damage asphalt pavement, so rubber tires are used.

They empty it into truck waiting at lower level

Instead of human pedalling, a small engine is also used.

Animal cart For Transportation Of Solid Waste

Transportation of Solid Waste

4. Tripper Truck

The tipper shall be useful for transportation and refuse collection from narrow lanes, individual houses to its disposal point shall be hydraulic.

The capacity of container shall be approximately 1.5cum.

It is used for quick and efficient garbage collection from the individual dwelling and suitable for handling both dry and wet garbage material.

It is also used for transportation unloading it into a bigger container/dump area and suitable for the secondary collection system from narrow by lanes and individual dwellings.

Tipper Truck for Transportation of Solid Waste

5. Dumper Placer

The twin dumper placer shall be useful for transportation of refuse, silt, grit or any other waste from the collection point to its disposal point by two containers at a time. The operation of lifting and placing the container on the vehicle, transporting to its disposal point and unloading shall be hydraulic.

The lifting capacity of steel garbage container shall be 2.5 cum.

It is used for handling wet refuse and suitable for primary collection from main streets using containers ‘relay’ system.

It allows safe, hygienic containerized collection and storage of refuse.

It also allows multiple-pickup point of truck through specially designed containers.

Dumper Placer

Transportation of Solid Waste

6. Bulk Refuse Carrier

Bulky waste or bulky refuse is a technical term taken from waste management to describe waste types that are too large to be accepted by the regular waste collection. It is usually picked-up regularly in many countries from the streets or pavements of the area. The service is provided free of charge in many places but often a fee has to be paid.

Bulk Refuse CArrier

7. Railroad Transport

Waste by rail is a long-haul transportation system that provides municipalities, manufacturers, environmental firms, commercial entities and other major waste producers with convenient and efficient access to specially equipped landfills.

Waste by rails offers creative solutions to even the most complex solid waste transportation challenges. Having formed strategic partnerships within all areas of the national rail transportation industry. Waste management can now move virtually any volume of solid or industrial waste to landfills equipped to handle their disposal in a cost-effective manner.

Railroad Transport

8. Water Transport

The transportation of waste is the movement of waste over a specific area by trains, tankers, truck or other vehicles.

Hazardous waste may be transported to be treated, stored, or disposed of. Facilities that generate hazardous waste are required to prepare a shipping document or manifest to accompany the waste as it is transported from the site of generation. This manifest must accompany the waste until its final destination and used to track the wastes from cradle to grave.

Water Transport

Transportation of Solid Waste

9. Conveyors

Waste conveyors offer spans numerous modular equipment for the transport of bulk material or sorted material, in different areas of application of the manufacturing of raw materials and waste treatment. Designed to withstand time and specific for all the heavy work that will be submitted to. All parts of conveyor belt should be bolted and interchangeable.

Conveyor belts, flat and concave, are built with a modular structure. They can be assembled easily according to the requirements and be modified later to be adapted to new situations. Even in case of confined spaces conveyors can be assembled on-site in areas of difficult accessibility.

Conveyors

10.  Layout of Routes

This is a four-step process which is:

  1. Prepare collection location maps on a relatively large scale of the area to be served. Data should be plotted for each solid waste pickup point, location, number of containers, collection frequency.
  2. Prepare data summaries. Estimate the quantity of waste generated from pickup locations serviced each day where the stationary system is used.
  3. Layout of preliminary collection routes starting from the dispatch station. A route should be laid out that connects all the pickup location to be served during each collection day.
  4. Develop balanced routes. The haul distance for each route should be determined. In some cases, it may be necessary to re-adjust the collection routes to balance the work load on the distance travelled.

After the balance, routes have been established and they should be drawn of the master map.

Transportation of Solid Waste

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